Capital punishment is inhuman and cruel. Amnesty opposes the capital punishment always regardless of the crime or who is accused. Here are five reasons why we must abolish capital punishment.
1. It is irreversible
Once it’s executed, you cannot take it back. So, some people might be paying for crimes they didn’t commit.There are many cases where the convicted person is found to be ‘not-guilty’ afterward. For example, the Texas man Cameron Todd Willingham was executed in 2004 for setting a fire that killed his three daughters. Later, he was proven ‘not guilty’, but it was too late.
2. It doesn’t discourage criminals from committing the crime
No evidence exists that shows capital punishment deters crime more effectively than a prison term. In fact, the opposite has been revealed. Canada has a 44% decrease in murders twenty-seven years after abolishing the capital punishment. Revenge cannot be a solution. We should try to reduce violence and not causing more death.
3. There’s no ‘humane’ way to kill
The execution of Angel Nieves Diaz in 2006 was done by ‘humane’ lethal injection which took 34 minutes and needed two doses. Other cruel methods of execution include hanging, beheading, and shooting. These killings don’t alleviate the pain that is suffered by the victims’ family.
All executions violate the right to life. Many death penalties are carried out publicly, and it is against human dignity. Many countries are abolishing death penalties. Recently, four countries abolished this penalty. Now, 102 countries still have the capital punishment in their system. We should work together and make people understand that capital punishment is not doing any good to the society.
Even after so many movements against racism, black children are still being targeted by law enforcement at a rate higher than the white children in the U.S. They are still the victims of racism at school. The study shows that black children who are born into middle-class families are most likely to be at the same economic level as their parents. But this will not be so for white children. Here is a list of issues that black children face every day.
• Black children are more likely to be suspended or expelled from school. Black children make up only 18% of preschoolers in the country, but they constitute half of out-of-school suspensions.
• Black boys are considered less innocent and older looking compared to white children. A 10-year old black boy is not considered to be a child, whereas a 10-year old white boy is. Due to this discrimination, many black children are forced into the criminal justice system at a very young age.
• Most children who are sentenced to life without parole are black. In America, there is about 2,500 youth who are sentenced to life without parole, and 60% of them are black Americans.
All these racial issues force black parents to raise their children in such a way that they can face these daily consequences of being a black American. They even have to teach their children how to deal with police officers and they have the highest risk of being arrested for minor issues or no reason at all.
Back in 539 B.C., the city of Babylon was conquered by the armies of Cyrus the Great. Instead of raping and torturing the people, Cyrus freed the slaves. He declared racial equality and freedom of religion in that city. This is known to be the world’s first record of human rights. Throughout the century, there were many occasions where people were oppressed, and some great human rights leaders made a change to the society. Here are the five notable leaders who have made this world a better place to live in.
Chief Joseph (1840–1904)
He was the son of a Nez Perce chief during the United State’s westward expansion. At the time he was born, there were disputes over land treaties. The people were having injustice and were attacked by the American military. When Joseph became chief in 1971, he protected his tribe from this violence. He always spoke against injustices and unconstitutional policies of the U.S. towards his people. He fought for equality and justice all his life.
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (1869–1948)
This great leader brought independence to India. He became an inspiration for movements of nonviolence, freedom and civil rights across the world. In 2007, the United Nations General Assembly announced the birthday of Gandhi as the International Day of Non-Violence.
Oskar Schindler (1908–1974)
He was an ethnic German and Catholic. He was an industrialist and a member of the Nazi party. During World War II, he rescued more than 1,000 Jews from deportation to Auschwitz.
Nelson Mandela (1918–2013)
He was the leader of the South African anti-apartheid revolutionary movement. It inspired international campaign for his release from prison where he was serving a life sentence. Mandela was released in 1990. After three years, he was awarded the Nobel Peace. In 1994, he came the first black president of South Africa.
Jimmy Carter (1924–)
He was the 39th president of the U.S. and served the office till 1980. In 1982, he and his wife set up The Carter Center in Atlanta which works for human rights and alleviation of human suffering. This organization worked in 37 countries to encourage democracy. It provides advocacy for people having mental illnesses. He received Nobel Peace Prize in 2002 for his incredible works.
These people will always be remembered for their efforts to improve human lives. They are our source of inspiration for doing good for the society.